The Theory of Multiple Intelligences

The theory of multiple intelligences (MI) expands our understanding of learning and teaching beyond IQ-type academic skills. It also takes the emphasis off measuring human intelligence only with IQ tests.

According to MI theory, everyone has a unique way of learning. For example, some people learn better through linguistically-based learning, while others prefer mathematical-logic-based learning.

Logical-Mathematical Intelligence

Logical-mathematical intelligence is the ability to recognize patterns, work with abstract symbols, and discern relationships between separate pieces of information. This type of intelligence is often activated when people face a new challenge or need to meet a goal.

Children with this intelligence tend to learn best when they are taught through visual materials, computers, and statistical and analytical programs. They also enjoy hands-on projects that bring mathematical and conceptual ideas to life.

In terms of careers, those with logical-mathematical intelligence can pursue a wide variety of fields. They may choose to pursue engineering, drafting, architecture, physics, astronomy, chemistry, or other hard sciences that involve problem-solving based on logic.

Some famous inventors and mathematicians, such as Bill Gates and Stephen Hawking, are known for their logical-mathematical intelligence. This type of intelligence is also useful in business and finance. It helps investors analyze different stocks and manage their portfolios effectively.

Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence

Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence is one of the 8 multiple intelligences that were proposed by Howard Gardner in his groundbreaking work ‘Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences’ (1983). This form of intelligence entails a person’s ability to use their body for expression and understanding.

These people tend to excel in careers that require them to use their bodies for practical purposes. They can be seen in professions such as dancers, gymnasts, actors, builders, engineers, surgeons, athletes, and musicians.

Despite this, people with bodily-kinesthetic intelligence struggle in classrooms that are too quiet and non-interactive. They also get fidgety while sitting in environments that are lecture-based.

These learners learn better when they are hands-on. They enjoy activities such as art, shop class, and physical sciences.

Interpersonal Intelligence

Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand others and relate to them. This involves effective verbal and nonverbal communication, the ability to note distinctions among others, sensitivity to the moods and temperaments of others, and the ability to entertain multiple perspectives.

People with high interpersonal intelligence are often teachers, social workers, actors, and politicians. They also show a natural affinity for helping others, which makes them highly desirable leaders in their field.

Although it is tempting to think that people with high interpersonal intelligence simply “get” how to interact well with others, this type of intelligence can be developed and improved. One of the best ways to develop this intelligence is by practicing empathy.

Naturalist Intelligence

According to multiple intelligence theory, naturalist intelligence is the ability to understand and appreciate the world around you. This includes a keen understanding of plants and animals, as well as their relationships to each other.

People with high naturalistic intelligence are often inquisitive and interested in nature-related activities. This includes gardening, wildlife research, and collecting minerals and plants.

In addition, they develop empathy for animals and the environment. They are also likely to take sustainable actions to preserve the environment.

They may want to adopt pets, work in a career that involves taking care of plants or animals, or participate in environmental activism.

As with other intelligence types, individuals with naturalist intelligence have a preference for scientific careers, including botany, zoology and marine biology. They also have a strong aversion to pollution and are environmentally friendly.

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